This will involve access to medicines and treatments that will help control their conditions and reduce the likelihood that justice will intervene or reoffend. Overall, the results suggest that losing access to mental health services plays an important role in explaining the observed increase in criminal participation. In other words, Medicaid provided an important safety net for these low-income men by providing them with access to services that helped reduce criminal behavior. Providing medical coverage to people with mental illnesses seems to be a way to significantly reduce their criminal involvement.
In addition to macroeconomic changes in mental health care and criminal justice systems, there are likely to be a variety of other factors that contribute to increased levels of participation in criminal justice among this group, compared to the general population. Ongoing efforts to divert those people away from the criminal justice system can also take advantage of these new reforms to link people to mental health care, substance use disorder treatment, social services and community support. Recent national health reforms offer opportunities to improve treatment for people with mental illness, including those involved in the criminal justice system. For the past 50 years, the United States has relied on imprisonment rather than addressing many of the root causes that underlie criminal activity, and this political choice is affecting society.
People with mental illness are more vulnerable to participation in the criminal justice system compared to people without mental illness. In addition, state and local jurisdictions have implemented a number of strategies to divert people with mental illness from the criminal justice system and reduce recidivism. The prevalence of current or former participation in criminal justice among the population of people with mental illness is studied less frequently. In other words, people with better mental health are more likely to understand the consequences of criminal activity and to be deterred by them.
New York City; high-profile adverse events involving people with mental illness, including the 1987 shooting of a man with a mental illness, with police participation, which inspired the creation of the crisis intervention team initiative in Memphis, Tennessee (described below); and a growing general awareness of the overrepresentation of people with mental illness in the criminal justice system. However, it should be noted that criminal activity is also quite costly for people who are victims of crime, not only in terms of stolen or damaged property, but also as a result of psychological or time costs. These include the deficiencies of the mental health system, such as the lack of adequate community-based treatment and the fragmentation of service delivery; the expansion of the criminal justice system in recent decades; and the higher rates of substance use disorders and criminogenic risk factors (described below) among people with mental illness. These interventions may involve training law enforcement officials who operate on their own or who partner with behavioral health professionals to reduce situations involving psychiatric emergencies and transporting people experiencing crises to stabilization centers.
These factors, together with the high cost of keeping people behind bars, have called into question the cost-effectiveness of the current criminal justice system. .